Inaugurated in 1992 by the King and Queen of Spain, this museum is mainly dedicated to Spanish art of the 20th and 21st centuries. The building is easy to recognise: it's a former Royal Hospital and now a historical monument, with three glass and steel elevators.
It was designed by architects José Luis Iñiguez de Onzoño and Antonio Vázquez de Castro, and an extension was added by Jean Nouvel. The museum now occupies more than 84,000 sqm and contains an extensive collection of works by Salvador Dalí, Juan Miró, and Pablo Picasso. The jewel of the collection is Picasso's Guernica (accompanied by its 45 preliminary sketches).
Commissioned by the Republican government for the Spanish pavilion of the 1937 Paris World Exhibition, the subject of this gigantic Cubist work is said to stem from Paul Éluard, following the April 26, 1937 bombing of the small village of Guernica by the Nazis and Italian Fascists. The painting was kept in the United States during the Franco years, and returned to Spain in 1981.
Museo nacional centro de arte Reina Sofia
Calle de Santa Isabel 52
+34 917 741 000